Career Options & What to do after Engineering

Benefits of engineering & Best Institute Govt Exam Preparation

What is Engineering

Engineering is a branch of science and technology which is concerned with building, designing, and use of machines and structures. which aims to engage students with science, technology, engineering and mathematics yet, as a discipline, it has been practiced for thousands of years. You can see examples of engineering in the Pyramids of Giza, at Stonehenge, the Parthenon and elsewhere. Yet, today’s engineers operate in many different areas as well as building structures. Engineers work on everything from cell membranes to construction and prosthetics to improving engine and transport efficiencies and developing renewable energy resources. While engineering dates right back to the invention of the wheel (and beyond), the term itself comes from the word engineer, which goes back to the 14th century, when an ‘engine’er’ meant someone who constructed military engines like catapults and other ‘siege engines.’ This military meaning can still be seen in use today with the Corps of Royal Engineers and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

The word ‘engine’ itself comes from the Latin word ‘ingenium’ (c. 1250), which means ‘innate quality, especially mental power, hence a clever invention.’

Engineering developed beyond military applications and began to be applied to civilian structures like bridges and buildings, leading to the creation of the term civil engineering, to differentiate it from the original military engineering field.

 It is a professional grade program that is four ages long and awards either a Bachelor of Engineering or a B.Tech standards subsequently allure accomplishment.

This course is concentrated mainly on experimental belief ideas and experiments. There are miscellaneous types of planning courses in the way that energetic architecture, machinelike engineering, information technology design, ideas metallurgy, and aerospace design between many possible choices. One can chase one of these construction courses as per their field of interest. The demand for individuals accompanying strength in some architecture course is climbing on account of the planet that uniformly craves for new fabrications and ideas, and more task moments will still control in the coming age.

It is an ultimate honest field of utilization everywhere. It is the most chosen course subject by many pupils accompanying interest engaged in electronics, design, changes, and machines. IITs, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, and VIT are with best choice organizations to chase engineering in India.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Engineering

Eligibility criteria are necessary to receive admission from targeted students and aspiring engineers. Various subject courses and mark scores are required for the engineering admission process. The eligibility criteria for UG and PG are different as per the need of universities.

For Undergraduate degree

  • Candidates must have scored at least 60% in class 12.

  • Candidates must have completed their 12th in science stream with maths, physics, chemistry, and biology as a part of their subjects.

  • Admission is granted based on Entrance exam scores or based on merit depending on the institutions.

For Postgraduate degree

  • Candidates must have scored at least 60% in the previous bachelor degree course.

  • Individuals must have completed their bachelor's degree in BE/B.TECH.

  • Admission is granted based on Entrance exam scores or based on merit depending on the institutions. 


Entrance Exams for Engineering Course

With lakhs of candidates wanting to pursue engineering courses in India, entrance exams must be conducted for the admission process. Various entrance exams are held by many universities for engineering courses.

JEE Main- JEE Main is an online National Level entrance exam conducted to grant admission to engineering programs. It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and is 3 hours long.

JEE Advanced- JEE Advanced or Joint Entrance Exam Advanced is a 3-hour long online national-level entrance exam conducted by one of the IITs every year. 

BITSAT- Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences conducts BITSAT (BITS Admission Test) to screen the candidates for admission to various engineering courses like B.Tech in Information Technology, B.Tech in Computer Science, and so on.

VITEEE-  VIT Vellore conducts VITEEE, a computer-based test for admissions into various undergraduate engineering courses offered by its participating campuses.

SRMJEEE- SRM Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed University) conducts the Joint Engineering Entrance examination for admission to UG engineering programs (B.E./B.Tech) on the basis of candidates' scores in the entrance test. 

KEAM- The Commissioner of Entrance Examinations (CEE), Kerala conducts the Kerala Engineering, Architecture and Medical (KEAM) entrance exam to offer admission into various engineering colleges in the state.

GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an online entrance exam conducted to grant admissions to postgraduate engineering courses in IITs. The exam is conducted by IITs on a rotational basis. It is conducted once a year and is 3 hours long. More than 1000 universities accept students with GATE scores to grant them admission to PG engineering courses.

Scope of Engineering in India and Abroad

Engineering is a science which focuses on designing, the building of machines, engines and structures, offers a broad range of popular career scopes in India as well as abroad. With the economy opening up over the last decades, there has been a steady growth of technology industries and various other companies, due to which students may have a variety of career choices.

The study of engineering will not only provide good exposure but prepare students for expertise in various fields of work in the future. The skills, knowledge and understanding they gained throughout this course pave a good scope for their future. One can opt to work abroad in prestigious companies like Microsoft, Google, Intel and much more. Many individuals pursue further postgraduate studies in engineering abroad like the USA, UK, Germany to have more scope in prestigious companies accompanied by high income.

Course Subjects

A variety of subjects are offered in engineering courses. There are different subjects in mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, aerospace engineering, civil engineering, management engineering, electrical engineering, and much more. However, let's take a look at some of the core subjects taught in engineering courses at UG and PG level of studies.

Subjects for undergraduate

  • Communication engineering

  • Engineering Mathematics

  • Mechanics

  • Electronic circuits

  • Advanced software engineering

  • Artificial intelligence

  • Structural designing

  • Project management and engineering economics

  • Environmental engineering

  • Programming and problem solving

Subjects for postgraduate

  • Mathematics

  • Physical sciences

  • Statics and dynamics

  • Electrical structures

  • Electronics designing

  • Dynamics of machinery

  • Advanced heat transfer

  • Laboratory practice

  • Optimization techniques

  • Nano-technology


Careers in Engineering

The advantage of pursuing an engineering degree is that it can open up not only avenues in diverse domains, but the remuneration could also be good. One can pursue BE/B.Tech, ME/M.Tech to become an expert engineer in various fields. Usually, individuals prefer to pursue a master's degree abroad due to various scopes in companies like NASA, Microsoft, Google, apple, amazon, and many more.

With a degree in engineering, one can work as a mechanical engineer, aerospace engineer, environment engineer, electrical engineer, civil engineer, software developer, technical manager, and much more as per the engineering course of expertise.

Upcoming trends

As the knowledge and needs of humans increase, a wide range of various topics in the engineering field of study will be introduced in the future. Many new topics on technology, design and artificial intelligence are included in recent degree courses in engineering.

With the change and emergence of new topics and trends in the fields of engineering, new subjects will be added in the subjects of the course, since the core focus of engineering is to have updated topics for understanding and future opportunities for students. The future of engineering is mainly focused on artificial intelligence, automation machines, robots, virtual reality, and much more. Therefore, with so many expected future trends and topics for the engineering field of study, there is a lot of hope and scope for future careers, for individuals with a degree in engineering. 

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Job Profiles After Engineering Course

A large number of job profiles are offered by many top companies/organizations for students with a degree in engineering courses. With the scope of this course being huge, almost 90% of the students from this course get employment offers from various companies every year, in India and abroad as well.

Job Profile



Civil Engineering

The infrastructure, private and public is taken care of by civil engineers who they build new forms, design based on their ideas or any old designs, or maintain existing structures. The work if public, fully depends on the approval of states and local governments. Hence, the work does not flow continuously as it always depends on the government’s funds to do the construction and related work. The construction of civil engineers is directly on the environment. Either the environment is changed or modified so that group of people is benefitted from the change.

Mechanical Engineering

Any kind of mechanical machine is worked upon by mechanical engineers. The oldest branch in engineering is where engineers add value to the machine or repair an existing machine. Prototypes must be developed and tested to check their performance in mechanical engineering. Also, engineers can test the material used in devices to check their integrity.

Computer engineer

A Computer Engineer is responsible for researching software and computer hardware to check for any technical errors, or if the software and computer are working properly. They also design and test computer hardware components such as circuit boards, processors, devices, and routers.

Data Scientist

A Data Scientist collects data and shapes the data structures of the company. They utilize their analytical, statistical, and programming skills to collect, analyze, and interpret large data skills. They check the data collected thoroughly for any breach of information or errors and make sure that the company's data are safe and efficiently used.

Software Developer

Software developers with the help of their tech and coding/programming skills, develop different software and apps. They are responsible for software development and seeing that the security system is safe to use, and they develop software and apps as per the needs of the company, with the use of their coding and programming skills.

Aerospace engineer

Aerospace Engineers design various parts of aircraft engines. They regularly keep a check and test the engines of airplanes or aircraft so that the engines are working properly, and to avoid accidents. They design aircraft, missiles, spacecraft, and satellites. Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space crafts.

Electronic engineer

An Electronic engineer applies various principles of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism to develop electrical products and systems. They design, develop, and test electrical devices and equipment, including communication systems, power generators, navigation systems, and electrical automation systems for automobiles and aircraft. Electrical/Electronic engineers oversee the manufacturing of these devices, systems, and equipment.


Average remuneration
The average remuneration of AN engineering skills depends on their skills, knowledge, expertise, and level of degree achieved. people|most people} with a postgraduate degree earn over individuals with AN sole undergrad degree.

The average salary of an engineering professional depends on their skills, knowledge, expertise, and level of degree achieved. Most individuals with a postgraduate degree earn more than individuals with an only undergraduate degree.

Job Profile

Income Per Annum 

Electrical engineer

Rs. 6 to 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Software Developer

Rs. 5 to 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Software Tester

Rs. 5 to 7.5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Aerospace engineer

Rs. 5 to 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Data scientist

Rs. 6 to 9 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Environmental engineer

Rs. 5 to 9 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

IT consultant

Rs. 5 to 7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Required Skillset for Engineering
Engineering courses need a precise set of skills to know, gain skills and complete the course. Problem-solving skills, technical skills, creativity, and social skills are a number of the specified skills for people following this course degree. Communication skills also are necessary to effectively communicate with team members and shoppers.

Since most engineering graduates add groups to figure on comes and analyze transportation solutions to numerous issues, it's necessary that the scholars should have the understanding to figure in groups. Engineers are creators of just about everything, from biology to computer programing to technology. Therefore, they have the technical skills to succeed. reckoning on the complexity of the sphere and project, additional formal education and skills in science are typically needed. 

Course program for Engineering

The strength of engineering programs is their multidisciplinary approach, combining core technical principles, electrical machines, chemical, aerospace, and far additional within the field of engineering. The course program focuses on transportation concerning specialists in technology, machine builders, chemical engineers, managers, and far additional experience from engineering studies.

A wide variety of subjects are coated in several engineering courses, the common factor concerning the courses is that they're schooled on expertise in technology and machine building base. Engineering aims at efficiency and increase skills of assorted technical planning skills with the assistance of science to its students.